The course provides knowledge and information necessary for aircraft operators and aviation service providers to integrate the Threat and Error Management (TEM) Model into their operations.
TEM Objectives are:
- Support safety and efficiency of aviation operations through its integration into a safety management system (SMS) operator/service provider.
- An operationally relevant and highly intuitive framework, which integrates both human and system performance in operational environments.
- Supports the implementation of programmes for safety data collection during normal, everyday routine operations, as part of an organization’s SMS. These programmes include the Line Oriented Safety Audit (LOSA) for airline operations, and Normal Operations Safety Survey (NOSS) for air traffic service providers.
TEM is an International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) training requirement for pilot and air traffic controller licensing. It is an ICAO Standard introduced in Annex 1 – Personnel Licensing, through Amendment 167, effective since 23 November 2006. It is also an ICAO Standard for initial and recurrent airline flight crew training, introduced in Annex 6 – International Operation of Aircraft, Part I (Large airplanes) through Amendment 30, effective also since 23 November 2006.
- Develop knowledge and skills for the application of the TEM Model into airline operations (including aircraft maintenance), air traffic services and flight training organizations;
- Develop knowledge on international Standards and Recommended Practices (SARP) included in ICAO Annexes regarding TEM within the context of safety management systems, and;
- Develop knowledge for participants to be able to implement within their respective organizations the key components of a TEM training programme that meets with ICAO and national regulations.
- The course is aimed at operational personnel from airlines, maintenance organizations, air traffic service providers, aerodromes, and flight training organizations.